May 16, 2014

Top 2 Causes of Baltimore - Towson Workplace Fatalities (Not What You Might Think)

Last month, President Barack Obama declared April 28 Workers' Memorial Day. OSHA (the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration) memorialized fallen workers across the country. At the same time, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported its final numbers for worker fatalities in 2012. That year, 4,628 workers lost their lives on the job. This was a slight decrease in national workplace death statistics compared to 2011.

Baltimore, MD workers' compensation lawyers like us know that any life lost on the job is a tragedy, both for the worker and his or her family. No one plans to go off to work and not come home that day. But accidents happen, sometimes due to negligence or recklessness on the part of employers, property owners, company owners and even coworkers. Construction accidents -- particularly falls -- remain one of the top causes of worker injury and death in the U.S.

The preliminary 2012 workplace fatality data for Baltimore / Towson, Maryland reflect national trends. But one of the top two causes of worker death in our region may not be what you'd expect. According to the BLS, 34 people died on the job or as a result of work-related injury in Baltimore - Towson in 2012. This was up from 28 worker deaths in 2011. Transportation accidents tied for the top cause of workplace fatality. The other top reason people die on the job in Baltimore - Towson might surprise you: Workplace violence.

Here are the top causes and types of accidents/injuries for Baltimore - Towson in 2012:

  • Violence and other injuries by persons or animals (26 percent). This includes intentional injuries by another person, including shootings and stabbings, as well as self-inflicted injury.

  • Transportation incidents (26 percent), including roadway incidents with motorized land vehicles (e.g., highway construction site accidents) and roadway collisions

  • Falls, slips and trips (18 percent), including falling to lower levels

  • Exposure to harmful substances or environments (12 percent), including exposure to electricity

  • Contact with objects and equipment (18 percent), including being struck by transportation and non-transport vehicles, and being struck by rolling objects or equipment

OSHA reports that some 2 million U.S. workers are victims of workplace violence every year. While dramatic cases -- such as those perpetrated by disgruntled employees -- make the news headlines, those are not the most common forms of workplace violence.

OSHA says the most vulnerable are "workers who exchange money with the public; deliver passengers, goods, or services; or work alone or in small groups, during late night or early morning hours, in high-crime areas, or in community settings and homes where they have extensive contact with the public.

This group includes health-care and social service workers such as visiting nurses, psychiatric evaluators, and probation officers; community workers such as gas and water utility employees, phone and cable TV installers, and letter carriers; retail workers; and taxi drivers." The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) requires employers to provide a safe and healthful workplace for all workers. OSHA offers employers and employees guidance on keeping the workplace safe (see link to PDF document below under "Sources").

Worker injury or death caused by workplace violence is generally covered under Maryland Workers' Compensation law. As with all cases of work-related injury or fatality, it's best to consult an experience Maryland Workers' Comp attorney about your rights.

Related Maryland Work Injury Attorney Article:

Dangerous Jobs in Maryland : OSHA Site Specific Inspections Target High-Risk, Non-Construction Workplaces (Jan. 2013)


OSHA Factsheet: Workplace Violence (PDF)

President Obama proclaims April 28, 2014 Workers' Memorial Day
OSHA Quick Takes, May 1, 2014

Bureau of Labor Statistics: Maryland -- Safety & Health
Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Workplace Fatalities in Baltimore-Towson, MD – Full Tables
Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Baltimore-Towson, MD, 2011-2012

April 15, 2014

Maryland Drivers : Is Your Car on the List of GM Safety Recalls?

General Motors has recalled an estimated 7 million motor vehicles this year for safety issues in a number of cars and SUVs, model years 2003 to 2015. Problems include faulty ignition switches, power steering and side airbags in certain Chevy, Pontiac and Saturn vehicles. Maryland drivers, is one of these recalled cars in your driveway? See link to GM owners' portal below to search for your vehicle and see if it's been recalled. Failure to have a recalled vehicle repaired by the dealer could lead to a serious or even fatal motor vehicle accident.

One of the most serious safety issues to land GM in the headlines of late involves a faulty ignition switch, which could shut off the car unexpectedly, disabling the power steering and power brakes. Vehicles involved in the ignition switch recall include the Chevy Cobalt, Pontiac G5, Saturn Ion and others.

The faulty GM ignition switch has been blamed for a number of motor vehicle accidents and 13 deaths. Now that the problem has come to light, GM officials are under intense scrutiny, with government leaders and the public demanding to know who knew what and when. For a full list of GM vehicle makes and model years involved in the ignition switch recall, see the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) / webpage link, below.

Other GM recalls involve faulty transmission cooling lines in certain Chevy and GMC SUVs; problems with brake assembly plugs in certain Cadillac XTS sedans; a defective axle shaft in the Chevy Cruze turbo, which could lead to the car losing power; and problems with the instrument panel in the Chevy Express and GMC Savannah.

General Motors will send safety recall notifications to owners of the affected vehicles. As Baltimore County auto accident lawyers, we see the results of serious motor vehicle crashes. Which is why it's hard for us to believe -- and may come as a surprise to responsible drivers -- that many vehicle owners in fact ignore safety recall notices.

Industry watchers out of Detroit estimate that a full third of recalled cars and trucks don't get repaired, and as many as one in seven vehicles on the road has an unrepaired recall issue. This puts not only those drivers and passengers at risk, but the life and welfare of other motorists and pedestrians -- if the driver looses control and the vehicle crashes. If you own a GM vehicle, check to see if it's on the recall list. If it is, call your dealer for an appointment. Manufacturers are required to make recall repairs free of charge to the owners, and many dealers provide loaner vehicles. Do it for yourself, your family and the Maryland driving public.


GM Owners' Web Portal -- Recalls

Consumer Alert: GM Ignition Switch Recall Information
NHTSA / Collected April 15, 2014

2014 GM Recall Roundup
Yahoo! Voices April 4, 2014

GM expands ignition switch recall to 2.6 million cars
Reuters March 28, 2014

Despite risks, many recalled vehicles will remain unrepaired as drivers ignore notices
Automotive News April 15, 2014

March 31, 2014

Preventing Pedestrian Accidents: New Rule Requires Auto Backup Cameras by 2018

Have you ever started backing out of your driveway or a parking spot in Maryland, only to slam on your brakes when a child or adult suddenly appears behind your car? Pedestrian accidents can happen in the blink of an eye. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates some 210 backover deaths occur in the US every year. In response to this safety hazard, NHTSA has proposed a rule requiring auto manufacturers to install rear backup cameras in most new vehicles by May 2018.

Blind spots hamper drivers' ability to see everything that's in back of their vehicle. Even with side mirrors, it's difficult to get a clear view of what's behind the car, truck, SUV or minivan. Some of the saddest news stories we've heard about as Maryland pedestrian accident lawyers involve parents or neighbors backing up over children -- children who are playing in the driveway or who suddenly dash behind the vehicle. NHTSA estimates about one-third of backover deaths are children, with many caused by parents.

Other at-risk groups: Pedestrians listening to music or preoccupied with texting may not notice a vehicle that is about to back up in their path. (See link to our related story on "Distracted Walking" below.) Busy parking lots can be risky places for back-up pedestrian accidents, with so many cars and shoppers moving about in tight spaces. The elderly are also at higher risk for being in serious or deadly pedestrian accidents.

The new rule has been a long time coming. CNN reports that a 2008 law required NHTSA to create rules to prevent backup accidents. It's taken until now for the rule to be proposed—something public and traffic safety advocates are applauding. The proposed rule would require all new cars, sport utility vehicles and minivans, as well as some new small trucks and buses, to carry rear visibility technology by May 2018. Many luxury model automobiles already come with backup cameras installed.

NHTSA estimates between 59 and 69 deaths a year could be prevented by drivers using backup cameras. The rear-facing cameras will cost about $140 per vehicle to install. Opponents object to government regulations of this nature, though laws governing seat belt use have proven to save lives. Until rear-view cameras are required in all vehicles -- it's best to back up slowly and turn around and LOOK to make sure you know what's behind you.

Related Maryland Accident Injury Attorney Article:
Distracted Pedestrian Accidents on the Rise Due to Texting While Walking (Aug. 2013)

U.S. requires new cars to have backup cameras
CNN Money March 31, 2014

NHTSA to require backup camera on all vehicles
USA Today March 31, 2014

February 28, 2014

Maryland Auto Crash Death Rates Increase in 2012

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) analyzed US auto accident fatality rates for 2012.* In Maryland, 456 fatal motor vehicle crashes were recorded with 505 related deaths. That's an increase over the 485 auto crash fatalities reported in 2011 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

Maryland's 505 crash related deaths in 2012 amounts to 8.6 deaths per 100,000 population and 0.90 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. That is less than the overall US rate of 10.7 deaths per 100,000 population. By comparison, North Dakota had the highest death rate at 24.3 deaths per 100,000, while our neighbors in District of Columbia had the lowest rate at 2.4 deaths.

The IIHS report reveals other facts about fatal Maryland traffic crashes in 2012:

-- 45% were passenger car occupants
-- 18% were pickup truck and SUV occupants
-- 1% were large truck occupants
-- 14% were motorcyclists
-- 19% were pedestrians
-- 1% were bicyclists

In addition, 44 percent of fatal Maryland crashes were single-vehicle crashes, while 56 percent were multi-vehicle crashes. Those of us who live and work in Maryland know the dangers of our winding back roads. However, 60 percent of fatal Maryland crashes occurred in urban areas, while 39 percent occurred in rural areas.

Not surprisingly, drunk driving continues to be a deadly threat on our nation's highways, including in Maryland. Of the 233 drivers killed in Maryland crashes in 2012 -- 72 percent were found to have blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels greater than the legal limit of .08.

Maryland auto accident injury lawyers like us know the stories behind the crash fatality data. Each death recorded is a life tragically cut short -- a man, woman or child who didn't make it home that day. We see the heartbreak left in the wake of a fatal accident, as families cope with the sudden loss of a loved one. The emotional and financial toll can be overwhelming, which is why we're here to help families who've lost someone in a Maryland motor vehicle accident.

Maryland has taken measures in recent years to cut down on motor vehicle crashes, injuries and fatalities. This includes adding further restrictions to laws regulating cell phone and seat belt use, installing more speed cameras at dangerous intersections and in school zones, and mounting public awareness campaigns. Still, any death on Maryland's roadways is one death too many. Recent statistics show we still have much work to do to achieve zero traffic accident deaths.

* Data gathered by the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System.

Related Maryland Injury Attorney Articles:

New Maryland Traffic Safety Laws Target Cell Phone and Seat Belt Use (Jan. 2014)

Deterring Baltimore County Traffic Accidents: Speed Camera Laws Go Into Effect (Oct. 2009)


Fatal Crash Totals in 2012
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute
Collected online Feb. 2014

Traffic Safety Facts 2011 (PDF)
US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

January 15, 2014

New Maryland Traffic Safety Laws Target Cell Phone and Seat Belt Use

Last fall, Maryland lawmakers added teeth to two key state traffic laws -- those governing the use of cell phones and seat belts. Baltimore County car accident lawyers are familiar with Maryland traffic safety laws, which are often broken during the course of a motor vehicle crash. Let's take a look at changes to our Maryland state cell phone and seat belt laws.

Most likely you've witnessed a scene like this: Another driver speeds past you on the Baltimore Beltway with a cell phone in one hand -- talking a mile a minute -- seemingly oblivious to the traffic around them. If you've witnessed this scene recently on any Maryland roadway, it's now a primary traffic offense.

As of October 1, 2013, Maryland's Cell Phone Use Ban (TR 21–1124.2) now treats hand-held cell phone use while driving as a primary offense. (It used to be a secondary offense, meaning police would need to stop the driver for another traffic violation to cite the hand-held cellphone use). Now, Maryland police officers may pull a driver over if they observe them talking on a hand-held cell phone, with no other traffic violation taking place. The ticket for a first offense is $83, with fines increasing for subsequent violations.

The Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration estimates that more than 30,000 people in Maryland are injured every year due to distracted driving crashes. Texting while driving in Maryland has been illegal for some years now, so banning the use of hand-held cell phones is a natural progression in public safety law.

Maryland is one of 12 states plus Washington, DC, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands to make its hand-held cell phone law a primary offense. Drivers are allowed to talk using hands-free cell phone devices, such as headset and Bluetooth systems. No states ban all uses of cellphones while driving.

Buckling up the seat belts comes as second nature for smart drivers and their passengers in Maryland. Most newer cars have a warning beep that goes off if you don't buckle your seat belt. Unfortunately, there are still too many people -- including young, novice drivers and their passengers -- who fail to use their seat belts.

As of October 2013, failure to wear a seat belt in Maryland is now a primary offense for drivers and front seat passengers, and a secondary offense for back seat passengers. The newly restrictive Maryland Seat Belt Law (TR 22–412.3) comes with an $83 fine per person caught not wearing their seat belt. Drivers may receive additional fines if they are caught with passengers in the vehicle under age 16 who are not buckled up.

Maryland is one of 33 states and the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands with a primary offense seat belt law for drivers on their books.

Maryland car accident lawyers like us know that traffic safety laws, when combined with law enforcement and education, help save lives. There will still be drivers who disregard the laws, putting themselves, their passengers and other motorists at risk if an accident occurs. Tougher laws may, however, serve as a deterrent to some Maryland drivers, who would rather put down their cell phones and buckle their seat belts than face a hefty fine.

Related Maryland Car Accident Attorney articles:

More Drivers Admit to Web Surfing While Behind the Wheel (Nov. 2013)

Maryland Seeks to Add More Teeth to Distracted Driver Laws (May 2012)


Maryland's New Cell Phone and Seat Belt Laws (PDF)
Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration Oct. 2013

Maryland Highway Safety Laws
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Jan. 2014

Distracted Driving Laws
Seat Belt Laws
Governors Highway Safety Administration Jan. 2014

December 31, 2013

Maryland Construction Worker Safety : OSHA Cites "Fatal Four" Types of Accidents

The U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) released statistics for work-related accidents for 2013 - 2013. As experienced Baltimore County, Maryland construction accident lawyers, we're well aware of the increased risks that come with certain occupations. OSHA's list of the "Fatal Four" types of U.S. construction accidents reflect the types of workplace injury and fatality cases our law firm has handled.

OSHA reports that for calendar year 2012 -- 3,945 worker fatalities occurred in private industry. Of those, 775 worker deaths (close to 20 percent of the total) were in the construction industry. OSHA identified these "Fatal Four" types of construction accidents accounting for the greatest number of worker deaths:

Falls (36%)
Struck by Object (10%)
Electrocutions (9%)
Caught-in/between (2%)

OSHA estimates that 435 U.S. workers' lives could be saved each year if construction workplaces could eliminate these fatal four types of accidents. This is why employer compliance to industry safety regulations is so critical -- here in Maryland and around the country.

Industry safety regulations are only as good as the construction company's success at putting them in place, educating workers, and enforcing them. OSHA is a small federal agency with about 2,200 inspectors responsible for the health and safety of 130 million workers, employed at more than 8 million worksites across the U.S. This means one compliance officer for every 59,000 workers. So the onus is on the owners and managers of Maryland construction companies to make sure their workplaces meet federal safety requirements.

The top five OSHA standards violations in the US for FY2013 were…

Fall protection, construction
Hazard communication standard, general industry
Scaffolding, general requirements, construction
Respiratory protection, general industry
Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment, general industry

Industry regulations -- coupled with employer compliance and worker education -- save lives. Worker deaths in the US are down from 38 a day in 1970 to 12 a day in 2012. But we can do better. Those statistics represent 12 hard-working people who said goodbye to their families as they went off to work -- and never made it home again.

Baltimore Workers Compensation attorneys like us work with families and individuals when a workplace accident or death occurs. Prevention goes a long way toward reducing the number of worker injuries and fatalities, here in Maryland and around the country. Have a safe New Year.

Related Maryland Workers' Compensation Lawyer articles:

Maryland Work Safety : Falls the Leading Cause of Construction Accident Deaths (May 2013)

Maryland Workers Rights : Family and Medical Leave Act Turns 20, But Sick Employees Still Fighting an Uphill Battle (March 2013)


OSHA Statistics

November 15, 2013

More Drivers Admit to Web Surfing While Behind the Wheel

As if texting while driving (illegal in Maryland) weren't dangerous enough, more drivers admit to using the Internet while behind the wheel. We see the tragic results of distracted driving when car accident victims come to our Baltimore personal injury law firm for help. We have never heard one good reason for anyone being on a cell phone while driving that was important enough to warrant taking one's hands off the wheel and eyes off the road.

State Farm reports that "webbing while driving" is on the rise, with 24 percent of US drivers surveyed admitting to the practice. This refers to drivers using their smart phones to surf the Internet -- when their eyes should be on the road. The top reasons drivers go online while driving are to (1) find directions, (2) read email, (3) obtain information "of immediate interest," (4) engage on social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, and (5) compose / send email.

Distracted driving has become an increasing threat on our Maryland roadways and around the country, leading to serious and deadly motor vehicle crashes. Public safety advocates now believe distracted driving can be as deadly as drunk driving. The CDC estimates more than 16 people are killed and 1,300 people are injured in crashes involving distracted driving every day.

Unfortunately, the tech devices designed to make our lives easier have in fact added new hazards to driving. Once cell phones became affordable to practically everyone, our culture changed. Now people expect to be in touch with each other immediately and constantly -- including while driving -- even for trivial reasons. Texting made the problem on our roads and highways worse, as drivers have their heads down as they compose and send text messages. Maryland is one of 41 states that have made texting illegal as a primary offense.

The relative affordability and ubiquitousness of so-called "smart phones" has added another element of risk to the driving public. Now movie times and restaurant reviews are just a few taps of the screen away. The problem is it only takes an instant of distraction for a driver to cause a serious or fatal car or truck accident. The State Farm survey found that that webbing while driving has steadily increased over the past 5 years.

USA Today reports that since 2009, the incidence of going on the Internet while driving has doubled among drivers ages 18 to 29 -- increasing from 29 to 49 percent of drivers surveyed. That's nearly HALF of all young drivers surveyed. But the problem can't be blamed on younger drivers exclusively. State Farm also found that half of all drivers ages 30 to 39 surveyed admitted to using the Internet while they were driving.

The Atlantic Wire reports that an estimated one in four drivers are doing something behind the wheel with an electronic device -- something that is taking their eyes and minds off the road. If that doesn't give you pause to slow down and drive defensively in Maryland, nothing will.

Related Baltimore Car Accident Injury lawyer article:

Maryland Seeks to Add More Teeth to Distracted Driver Laws (May 2012)


Webbing While Driving
State Farm Insurance 2011

Americans Can't Stay Off the Internet, Even While Driving
The Atlantic Wire Nov. 12, 2013

Distracted Driving Laws
Governors Highway Safety Administration Nov. 2013

November 5, 2013

Older Driver Car Crashes a Concern in Baltimore, Maryland and Across the U.S.

It's one of the toughest topics to broach with an aging parent or relative: When is it time to hand over the keys and give up the car? Some of the saddest cases we deal with here as experienced Baltimore County accident injury lawyers involve senior citizens who should not have been behind the wheel. In the blink of an eye, they make a mistake that causes a serious or fatal motor vehicle crash. Those cases are tragic for everyone involved, including the elderly person driving.

As the Baby Boomer population ages, traffic safety advocates here in Maryland and at the national level are taking a harder look at preventing accidents among drivers aged 65 and older.

A recent National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) report notes that traffic crash statistics, broken down by driver age, resemble a U. Teenage drivers comprise the group that causes the most car accidents, then crash statistics level out across adulthood. However, accident statistics begin to rise dramatically again for drivers ages 70 and up. NHTSA reports that…

"In 2011, 5,401 people age 65 and older were killed and 185,000 were injured in
motor vehicle traffic crashes. These older individuals made up 17 percent of all traffic fatalities and 8 percent of all people injured in traffic crashes during the year…"

The new NHTSA study looked at reasons why driving abilities can decline over age 65, along with licensing procedures for seniors in all 50 states. Some of the factors that can lead to older drivers getting in serious auto crashes include…

  • Decreased cognitive and motor functioning abilities (including hand and arm movements, and ability to safely apply gas and brakes)

  • Decreased reaction times

  • Medical conditions

  • Changes in eyesight

  • Medications that can cause drowsiness or confusion

The NHTSA report examined how state licensing procedures might better screen for changes in senior citizens' abilities to operate a motor vehicle safely. Only a few states require in-person license renewal and testing for older drivers. The study looked closely at states with licensing program features not widely in place elsewhere, such as anonymous reporting of potentially dangerous drivers (including physician immunity), Rules of the Road classes for seniors, free ID cards for seniors surrendering their licenses, and medical review units at licensing sites.

The Maryland Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, notes that…

  • Maryland has close to 708,000 residents age 65 and over (12% of the population), and over 98,000 age 85 and over (2% of the population). Most reside in Baltimore, Montgomery, and Prince George's Counties and Baltimore City.

  • As of early 2012, Maryland has 604,487 licensed drivers ages 65 and over.

These numbers are expected to increase further as our own Baby Boomers become older drivers. However, the Maryland MVA states: "Age alone does not make unsafe drivers, and licensing is NOT determined by a diagnosis. If someone questions whether you are medically qualified to drive, MVA focuses on functional ability…not age or disease…and provides an individual review on fitness to drive." (See links to Maryland MVA below for more information.)

The NHTSA study found that many seniors understand the reasons for programs governing driver's license renewal, as no one wants to be involved in, much less cause, a serious motor vehicle accident. Still, driving is tied directly to a person's independence, and families often struggle with knowing when to ask a loved one to give up their vehicle.

More programs in Maryland and across the U.S. will need to address this thorny subject as a public safety concern, for the sake of our seniors and all other motorists who share the road with them.

Related Maryland Car Accident Attorney Article:

Baltimore County Driving Safety: No. of Older Drivers in Maryland to Ramp Up by 2025 (June 2010)


National Highway Traffic Safety Administration:

Licensing Procedures for Older Drivers (Report No. DOT HS 811 833) Sept. 2013 (PDF)

Traffic Safety Facts 2011 Data: Older Population April 2013 (PDF)

Maryland Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration:

Older Driver Traffic Safety Facts

Additional Resources for Older Drivers

Older Driver Safety / Safe Mobility for Life

October 30, 2013

Risks for Child Pedestrian Accidents Rise on Halloween

Child safety advocates report that the scariest thing about Halloween isn't the elaborate costumes or the copious amounts of candy consumed: it's the increased risk for traffic accidents involving young pedestrians.

Here in Maryland and around the country, kids of all ages look forward to trick or treating as an annual childhood ritual. What's more fun than putting on a costume, and going door to door with family and friends asking neighbors for candy? However, Halloween creates a perfect storm of circumstances increasing the risk for serious and fatal pedestrian accidents. These risk factors include…

  • Children, often clad in dark costumes, traveling on foot, darting in and out of the streets

  • Distracted motorists (particularly young, less experienced drivers), unprepared to brake suddenly when excited trick or treaters run out from between cars and into the road

  • Adults and teenagers consuming alcohol at Halloween parties, getting behind the wheel and driving drunk

With a warm fall thus far, this Halloween promises to be as popular as ever in Maryland. The US Census Bureau reported that in 2010, some 41 million children ages 5 to 14 went out trick or treating on Halloween. (This figure did not include trick-or-treating youth ages 15 and over, who are more prone to "distracted walking" pedestrian accidents due to their constant texting and cell phone use.)

A State Farm study released in 2012 named Halloween as the most dangerous holiday for children at risk for pedestrian accidents. The study looked at the 115 fatal child pedestrian accidents that occurred on Halloween holidays from 1990 to 2010. State Farm reported…

  • Children ages 12 to 15 experienced the most fatalities, followed by kids ages 5 to 8

  • Most fatal pedestrian accidents occurred at dusk or after dark, from 5 to 9 p.m.

  • Young drivers ages 15 to 25 posed the greatest risk to pedestrians

  • Most pedestrian accidents occurred in places other than intersections and crosswalks

The good news is child Halloween pedestrian accidents are going down. However the average number of 5.5 pedestrian deaths is double on Halloween compared to other days. Baltimore pedestrian accident injury lawyers will attest -- the death of any child is one too many. Statistics don't matter when you're a parent who has lost a child.

Use common sense this Halloween if you're out and about in Baltimore County, Maryland:

  • Do not let children under 12 go out trick or treating without an adult.

  • Dress children in brightly colored clothing so they can see each other and be seen. Use reflective tape on costumes and bags, and give them flashlights or glow sticks to carry.

  • Review safety tips with older kids, who should travel in groups and stick together.

  • Drivers, expect the unexpected, keep your eyes on the road and drive slow—including in city and suburban Maryland neighborhoods!

Related Maryland Accident Injury Attorney Article:

Distracted Pedestrian Accidents on the Rise Due to Texting While Walking (Aug. 2013)


Pedestrian Injuries: The True Terror of Halloween
Children's Safety Network Oct. 24, 2013

Halloween is 'Deadliest Day' Of the Year for Child Pedestrian Fatalities
State Farm Oct. 23, 2012

Halloween Safety Tips (PDF)
National Safety Council

September 25, 2013

Maryland Drivers Won't Catch a Break if Third Brake Light Is Out, High Court Rules

"I didn't see her brake lights." "I didn't think I was going that fast." "I thought I could make it through the intersection in time." Baltimore County car accident injury lawyers like us have heard all the possible reasons (and then some) for why Maryland drivers get in traffic accidents -- and why they think they aren't at fault in any way.

As we blogged about in July, Maryland is not a victim-friendly state if you're in a serious motor vehicle accident with injury, and you're even a fraction to blame. The Maryland Contributory Negligence Law, which was recently upheld in the high court, can make it difficult in many traffic accident injury cases for victims to collect compensation or damages -- unless they have an experienced accident injury attorney to advocate for them. (See link to related blog article below.)

Now the Maryland Court of Special Appeals has given police one more good reason to pull over Maryland drivers. On Sept. 10, the Court ruled that driving with a broken third brake light is inherently unsafe -- and sufficient grounds for law enforcement to pull the vehicle over.

The case stemmed from an incident in Baltimore City in 2011, where a man whom police had been watching as he walked on a city street got into the passenger seat of a car and rode away. Police could not stop him as a pedestrian, as he was not engaged in any criminal behavior.

However when they followed the vehicle and noticed the third brake light out, they pulled the vehicle over. A search of the car revealed the smell of marijuana and a firearm; the man in the passenger seat was later convicted of firearms possession. The man appealed on the grounds that the traffic stop for the broken rear deck brake light was illegal.

The Maryland high court disagreed.

Maryland traffic safety code requires that all vehicles made after June 1967 be equipped with at least two stop lamps. However, state code requires motor vehicle inspectors to fail any vehicles made after 1985 if they do not have a working third center-mounted brake light.

A National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) study from 1986 to 1995 determined the third brake light on vehicles -- known as Center High Mounted Stop Lamps in automotive circles -- gives motorists a better indication of braking traffic and prevents rear-end collision accidents.

A judge in the case wrote, "…even with two functioning rear brake lights, the specific safety advantages of the center high-mounted brake light demand that it function properly."

So keep all your vehicle's lights in working order, including the ones you can't easily see. Remember, Maryland police see more than you think.

Related Maryland Injury Attorney article:

Maryland Personal Injury Law : Court Upholds Contributory Negligence Law in Soccer Player Accident Case (July 2013)


Maryland: Court Upholds Traffic Stop Over Third Brake Light
Second highest court in Maryland holds driving without a third brake light is inherently unsafe.
The Sept. 24, 2013

Third Brake Light Is No Third Wheel
American Psychological Association May 28, 2003

August 31, 2013

Distracted Pedestrian Accidents on the Rise Due to Texting While Walking

Another summer in Maryland draws to a close, way too soon. This means streets in Baltimore and other Md. cities and towns are filling up with kids and teens heading back to school. What's different about today's youth compared to when we grew up is most have a cell phone in their hands. Texting friends is a way of staying constantly connected. It's also a way for parents to keep tabs on their tech-savvy children.

Unfortunately, there's a serious downside to texting. The well-documented hazards of texting while driving have prompted many states, including Maryland, to make the practice illegal. (FYI: Maryland lawmakers closed a legal loophole in Oct. 2011 that allowed drivers to text at stoplights.) It's easy to see how texting while driving can lead to serious and fatal motor vehicle crashes. Taking one's eyes off the road for a few seconds to read and send text messages is more than enough time for a serious auto accident to occur.

Now texting while walking is getting more media attention, as pedestrian accident injuries and deaths are up nationwide. Too many people are walking around with their heads down, paying more attention to their cell phones than the traffic racing around them.

A video report on ABC News (see link below) shows pedestrians from Los Angeles to New York walking obliviously into traffic -- heads down, cell phones in hand, and many with ears blocked by headsets. It's a deadly recipe for disaster. With so many adults walking around distracted by their cell phones, it's no wonder children are following in their footsteps.

Safe Kids Worldwide did a study of some 34,000 teens. The group found that fatalities due to distracted walking have increased 25 percent over the last 5 years. The study reports:

“A shocking 1 in 5 high school students and 1 in 8 middle school students were observed crossing the street while distracted by technology."

While teens might be the worst offenders when it comes to texting while walking, adult pedestrians are also guilty and setting a bad example.

This should give drivers in Maryland and around the country pause to consider what more kids on the streets heading back to school -- with cell phones in hand and headphones in ears -- means for traffic and pedestrian safety. Slow down and keep your eyes on the road. Pedestrians, including school children, may have their eyes on their cell phones instead.

Related Maryland Injury Attorney articles:

Maryland Seeks to Add More Teeth to Distracted Driver Laws (May 2012)

University of Maryland Research : Pedestrians Wearing Headphones at Greater Risk for Traffic Accident Injury and Death (Feb. 2012)


Pedestrian Deaths Linked to Texting and Walking
Walkers distracted by technology in fatal accidents are on the rise. Aug. 26, 2013

Research Report: Teens and Distraction
Safe Kids Worldwide Aug. 26, 2013

Related Web Resources:

Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety
U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration

Everyone's a Pedestrian
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

August 15, 2013

Maryland Highway Hazard: Unsecured Loads Cause Serious and Fatal Traffic Accidents, GOA Reports

A few years ago, we wrote about how the fall migration of students back to Maryland colleges brings with it a certain, hard-to-miss road hazard -- unsecured loads. This year will likely be no different.

We'll see them careening down Maryland interstates and highways: Mattresses strapped precariously to car roofs, their edges flapping in the breeze. Pickup trucks stacked willy-nilly with sofas, chairs, and other furniture, just a rope snap away from potential disaster. Suitcases, boxes, and other cargo that didn't stay put litter the Maryland roadsides.

Such amateur efforts at loading cargo make us slap our foreheads and shake our heads in disbelief. But it's no laughing matter when unsecured cargo comes loose and becomes a dangerous projectile and obstacle on Maryland highways. Baltimore County auto accident lawyers like us see the results of bad driving and risk taking on Maryland roadways. Poor decisions can lead to bad accidents.

With the annual migration of Maryland college students returning to school already in progress -- the subject merits another look. Last year, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) issued a report asking the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to improve its data collection around unsecured loads and deadly motor vehicle accidents. The report authors write:

Vehicles carrying objects that are not properly secured pose a safety risk on our nation's roadways. Debris that falls from a vehicle can collide with other vehicles or pedestrians, causing serious injuries or fatalities. According to data collected by NHTSA, there were about 440 fatalities caused by roadway debris in 2010. However, the exact number of incidents resulting from vehicles carrying unsecured loads is unknown.

The report notes that all 50 states and the District of Columbia have statutes related to unsecured loads for both commercial and non-commercial vehicles. Drivers of trucks and cars recklessly loaded with furniture and other items may be subject to fines and penalties, which vary from state to state. But that doesn't stop people from slinging their belongings haphazardly into a pickup truck bed or onto the car roof and taking off down the road.

College students aren't the only ones at fault. Amateur movers, collectors, junkers, contractors -- anyone who has something to move and doesn't take the time (or have the know-how) to properly secure the load can create a highway hazard.

The report commends a few states such as North Carolina and Washington for their public awareness programs aimed at educating motorists on properly securing loads. Until Maryland has such a program -- and people take the time to learn -- steer clear of hastily packed vehicles you see on the roadways. There's no telling when a couch or mattress might become airborne with tragic results.

Related Maryland Accident Attorney article:

Maryland Highway Traffic Accidents Alert: Loading up for Back to College (Aug. 2009)


Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads (Report Highlights)
GAO-13-24, Nov 15, 2012

HIGHWAY SAFETY: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads (Full Report -- PDF)
United States Government Accountability Office, Report to Congressional Committees. Nov. 2012